Mumias Sugar consists of white and brown sugar which is used in many different ways:-
In our everyday lives we use sugar in a variety of forms. The most common is granulated sugar. This is used by many people to sweeten hot drinks and breakfast cereals. Sugar can also be bought in cubes, which are made by pressing wet sugar into moulds before drying. Icing sugar, used for coating cakes and pastries is made by grinding the sugar crystals into a fine powder.
Other sugars include caster sugar (finer than granulated and used for baking), preserving sugar (coarser than granulated and used for jams and jellies), and brown sugar (for colour and flavour).
In cooking sugar is not just a sweetener, but can be used in a number of different ways:
- As a preservative: at the right concentration sugar helps to stop microorganisms growing and so prevents food spoilage, e.g in jams and other preserves. This is why reduced sugar jams spoil much more quickly than traditional jams.
- It helps to produce subtle changes in flavour. Sugar offsets the acidity and sour flavour in many foods such as mayonnaise, tomato products and tart fruits like gooseberries and grapefruit.
- As a bulking agent: sugar gives the characteristic texture to a variety of foods - including jams, ice cream and cakes.
- To raise the boiling point or lower the freezing point. This is essential in some recipes, for example making ice cream.
- To speed up the process of fermentation (by yeast) in baking. This makes the dough rise, for example, bread and tea-cakes.
- It makes cakes light and open-textured when it is beaten with butter or eggs in a recipe.
Sugar is added to many foods for flavour, texture, colour and safety. By reading the ingredients panel on food packaging labels you will see how many ordinary foods contain sugars. Remember glucose, fructose, sucrose, and lactose (milk sugar) are all sugars. Other terms for sugars include dextrose, invert sugar and maltose.
- Sugars are also used to help in healing of some types of wounds. They are used by chemical manufacturers to grow penicillin.
- Sugar can be added to concrete to aid the setting process.
- Sugar absorbs moisture and therefore keeps biscuits crunchy.
- Sugar helps flowers stay fresher for longer when added to their water.
- Sugar forms the glass used in film stunts.